Does blue ocean leadership work in every culture?

Broadly speaking, leadership cultures differ across the globe. In Asian companies leadership culture tends to be more vertical or hierarchical. In North America it is more horizontal. And in Europe it is a mixture of the two. Yet for those organizations that have applied our methodology, blue ocean leadership worked for all of them despite their diverse geographical locations and cultural contexts. In fact, blue ocean leadership on the one hand, enables employees to participate in and contribute to the process of building effective leadership, thereby creating strong engagement and a sense of ownership. On the other hand, it is designed as a controlled process where senior managers drive the exercises and make the analyses and top management makes the final decision based on a thorough assessment of organizational realities and various proposals for change. This is probably why this approach fits into the value systems of both horizontal and vertical organizational cultures and is therefore generally well-received by different organizations around the world.